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IPO Grey Market Premium, Latest IPO GMP & Kostak Rates

In the world of investments, Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) hold a significant place. They provide an opportunity for investors to buy shares in a company before it gets listed on the stock exchange. However, the dynamics of IPOs can be complex, with various factors affecting their performance. One such factor is the IPO Grey Market Premium (GMP). This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of IPO Grey Market Premium, its importance, and the latest trends in GMP and Kostak rates.

Understanding IPO Grey Market Premium (GMP)

The IPO Grey Market refers to the unofficial market where IPO shares are traded before their listing on the stock exchange. The Grey Market Premium represents the difference between the IPO issue price and the price at which the shares are traded in the Grey Market. It serves as an indicator of the market’s perception of the IPO’s potential and demand.

The Grey Market operates through a network of dealers who facilitate trading in these unofficial shares. Investors interested in purchasing IPO shares before listing can enter into transactions with these dealers, buying or selling shares at prices determined by demand and supply forces in the Grey Market.

Factors Affecting IPO Grey Market Premium

Several factors influence the IPO Grey Market Premium. These include:

  1. Company Fundamentals: The financial performance, growth prospects, and market positioning of the company offering the IPO play a crucial role in determining the Grey Market Premium. Strong fundamentals and positive market sentiment often result in higher GMP.
  2. Market Sentiment: Overall market conditions and investor sentiment can significantly impact the Grey Market Premium. During bullish market phases, the demand for IPO shares tends to be higher, leading to increased GMP.
  3. Industry Outlook: The sector in which the company operates also affects the Grey Market Premium. Industries with high growth potential or those in the spotlight often attract greater investor interest and higher GMP.
  4. Size of the Issue: The size of the IPO offering can influence the Grey Market Premium. Smaller offerings with limited shares available may witness higher GMP due to increased demand and limited supply.

Importance of IPO Grey Market Premium

The IPO Grey Market Premium holds relevance for both investors and companies. Here are some key reasons why it is important:

  1. Pricing Indicator: The GMP provides an early indication of how the IPO shares might perform in the market. It helps investors gauge whether the issue is overpriced or undervalued, enabling them to make informed investment decisions.
  2. Demand and Market Perception: Higher Grey Market Premium suggests strong investor demand for the IPO shares, indicating positive market sentiment and the potential for listing gains. This information can be valuable for investors seeking short-term gains.
  3. Pricing Efficiency: The Grey Market acts as an additional market mechanism for price discovery. If the Grey Market Premium is close to the listing price, it indicates that the issue has been priced efficiently, reducing the chances of significant volatility on listing.

Latest IPO Grey Market Premium and Kostak Rates

The IPO Grey Market Premium is dynamic and changes with market conditions and investor sentiment. It is important for investors to stay updated with the latest GMP and Kostak rates. Here are a few examples of recent IPOs and their associated GMP:

IPO Grey Market Premium Live ( Last Updated: 01-June-2023 | 11:32:00 AM )

IPO NameGMP (₹)TypeIPO GMP Price (₹)IPO Price (₹)GAIN %
Platinum Industries27-29 FebMainline₹100₹17158%
Exicom Tele-Systems27-29 FebMainline₹150₹142106%
Bharat Highways InvIT28-1 MarMainline₹–₹100-%
Mukka Proteins29-4 MarMainline₹25₹2889%
R K SWAMY4-6 MarMainline₹90₹28831%
JG Chemicals5-7 MarMainline₹60₹22127%
Gopal Snacks6-11 MarMainline₹120₹40130%
Owais Metal and Mineral26-28 FebNSE SME₹125₹87144%
Purv Flexipack27-29 FebNSE SME₹120₹71169%
M.V.K. Agro Food29-4 MarNSE SME₹5₹1204%
V R Infraspace4-6 MarNSE SME₹15₹8518%
Sona Machinery5-7 MarNSE SME₹70₹14349%
Shree Karni Fabcom6-11 MarNSE SME₹300₹227132%
Koura Fine Diamond Jewelry6-11 MarBSE SME₹40₹5573%
Pune E-Stock Broking7-12 MarBSE SME₹80₹8396%
Pratham EPC11-13 MarNSE SME₹35₹7547%

Investors should note that the Grey Market Premium and Kostak rates can vary significantly, and it is advisable to verify the latest figures through reliable sources before making any investment decisions.

How to Monitor IPO Grey Market Premium

To monitor the IPO Grey Market Premium, investors can follow these steps:

  1. Consult Reliable Sources: Various online platforms and financial news portals provide regular updates on IPO GMP and Kostak rates. Investors should rely on credible sources to obtain accurate information.
  2. Engage with Market Experts: Interacting with experienced investors or financial advisors can provide valuable insights into the Grey Market. They can share their experiences, discuss trends, and offer guidance regarding IPO investments.
  3. Track Investor Forums: Online investor forums and discussion boards often feature discussions on IPO Grey Market Premium. Participating in these platforms can provide insights into market sentiment and prevailing GMP.
  4. Analyze Historical Data: Studying the historical performance of IPOs and their associated Grey Market Premiums can help investors understand patterns and make more informed decisions.

Risks Associated with Investing Based on IPO Grey Market Premium

While the IPO Grey Market Premium can provide useful information, investors should be aware of the associated risks:

  1. Speculative Nature: Investing solely based on Grey Market Premium is speculative in nature. The GMP does not guarantee similar performance once the shares are listed on the stock exchange.
  2. Volatility: Market conditions can change rapidly, impacting the Grey Market Premium. Investors should exercise caution and not solely rely on the GMP for making investment decisions.
  3. Limited Market Information: The Grey Market operates outside the regulated stock exchange, making it less transparent. Investors should rely on additional fundamental and technical analysis before making investment choices.

IPO GMP vs. Kostak Rates

Apart from the Grey Market Premium, investors should also be familiar with Kostak rates. Kostak rates represent the price at which investors can sell their IPO application before the listing of shares. It provides an opportunity for investors to exit their positions before the shares are listed. Kostak rates are influenced by market conditions and demand for the IPO shares.

While Grey Market Premium indicates the potential listing gains, Kostak rates offer an avenue for early exits. Investors should assess both factors to make well-rounded investment decisions.

Strategies for IPO Investment

When investing in IPOs, it is essential to formulate a strategy to mitigate risks and maximize potential gains. Here are a few strategies to consider:

  1. Thorough Research: Conduct a detailed analysis of the company’s financials, growth prospects, and industry outlook. Evaluate its competitive positioning and management team to assess the long-term potential.
  2. Diversification: Spread investments across different IPOs to diversify risk. Investing solely in one IPO can expose investors to company-specific risks.
  3. Long-term Perspective: IPO investments should not be driven solely by short-term gains. Consider the long-term prospects of the company and its ability to deliver sustainable growth.
  4. Consult Experts: Seek advice from experienced investors or financial advisors who can provide insights and guide you through the IPO investment process.


IPO Grey Market Premium serves as an unofficial market where IPO shares are traded before listing, providing insights into market sentiment and demand. Understanding the factors influencing GMP and monitoring the latest trends can aid investors in making informed decisions. However, it is crucial to exercise caution and conduct thorough research before investing based on the Grey Market Premium. By combining market knowledge, historical data analysis, and expert guidance, investors can navigate the IPO landscape more effectively.


The Grey Market Premium is dynamic and can change frequently, influenced by market conditions and investor sentiment. It is advisable to stay updated with the latest figures through reliable sources.

Grey Market trading is conducted through a network of dealers, and participation is limited to select individuals or entities. It is an unofficial market and not regulated like the stock exchange.

No, investors should consider the Grey Market Premium as one of several factors when making investment decisions. Thorough research, analysis of company fundamentals, and expert advice are equally important.

Kostak rates represent the price at which investors can sell their IPO application before listing. It provides an opportunity for early exits. Investors should evaluate both GMP and Kostak rates to make informed decisions.

The information provided in this article is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as investment advice. Investors are advised to conduct their own research and consult with financial professionals before making any investment decisions.

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